chapter  7
36 Pages

Trading Culture: Identity and Culture Industry Trade Policy in the United States, Canada, and the European Union

In recent years, many scholars of international relations (IR), especially those associated with constructivism, have argued that attention to nonmaterial aspects of world politics-norms and identity especially-gives us a fuller picture of events in the international arena (Campbell 1998; Waever et a!. 1993; Wendt 1994; Klotz 1995; Katzenstein 1996; Lapid and Kratochwil 1996). As this discussion advances, new questions are raised about the relationship between norms, identities, and interests and about how these various elements influence outcomes, once we've established that, indeed, they do. Empirical research in these areas promises to help us tease out some of these issues.