The System of Higher Education
This chapter discusses some common characteristics and problems: the development and meaning of higher education; access to the system; the structure, process, and role relationships within the system; the environmental pressures toward change; and some outcomes and reforms in higher education. The systems model helps integrate aspects of higher education for a more comprehensive view. Issues of access to higher education, who gets in and why, are of major concern to educational theorists. They focus particularly on the admissions process and testing, and public versus private institutions. The university can be viewed as a large community. With growth has come controversy over functions of the university: the form curriculum should adopt, the relationship between research and teaching, and the role service should play in the community. Higher education has been administered using a bureaucratic model, which many argue is not appropriate for the unique composition of the university.