chapter  4
36 Pages

Equality of Educational Opportunity?

A Look at Gender Differences and Inequalities

This chapter explores gender differences and inequalities in educational experiences and outcomes. It also explores the experiences of students in schools based on gender, examining how educational experiences may reproduce existing inequalities, as well as how schools can operate as sites for social change. Although more transgender and gender non-conforming children are present within the educational system, schools are still organized around the gender binary. High school students have more autonomy than their elementary school counterparts, and are expected to begin focusing on their adult selves. In middle school and into high school, students' positions in their peer groups are generally shaped by conformity to traditional gender role expectations. While gender differences in achievement and attainment as well as day-to-day experiences in school persist, it is difficult to argue that either females or males are disproportionately disadvantaged within the educational system.