chapter  Chapter 5
5 Pages

Basic word order

ByNancy Stenson

35Unlike in English, simple statements in Irish start with the verb, so the usual word order in sentences is verb-subject-object (VSO). The action or event described is mentioned first, and then the individuals involved. In contrast, English usually puts the verb in the middle. Irish English V S O S V O Cheannaigh Máire carr. ‘Máire bought a car.’ bought Máire car Labhraíonn Liam Gaeilge. ‘Liam speaks Irish.’ speaks Liam Irish Imreoidh siad cartaí. ‘They will play cards.’ will play they cards Thit Ciarán. ‘Ciarán fell.’ fell Ciarán