chapter  5
18 Pages

Methodological Approaches

The directives introduced as strategies designed to achieve an environmentally sustainable future cannot be formulated without a considered exploration of the complexities that envelop the problem. Because the very nature of what it entails to “be” sustainable is uncertain, based on a set of untested assumptions, and entirely dependent on the ability to forecast current actions forward in time, useful strategies can only be developed through the careful exercise of method. The established methods used to explore and forecast alternative futures have been reviewed extensively in the futures research literature (Fowles, 1978; Gordon, 1992; Puglisi, 2001; Glenn, 2009). In this chapter, a selection of those methods of research and forecasting the future most relevant to the task of environmental sustainability planning are examined.