chapter  1
12 Pages

Setting the Scene

Introduction The term ‘gynaecological cancer’ refers to a disparate group of malignancies of a woman’s reproductive organs. These malignancies differ in their risk factors, clinical features, management, and prognosis. Worldwide they account for approximately 18% of all female cancers, making them the second most common cancer in women (after breast cancer) (Ferlay et al. 2004). Collectively, gynaecological cancers represent the most common cause of cancer death in womenaccounting for nearly 15% of all female cancer deaths (Ferlay et al. 2004).