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75 Pages

Population, mortality, morbidity and lifestyle statistics

ByEmma Hawe

The United Kingdom (UK) is not alone in its growth; many Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and European Union (EU) countries continue to experience an increase in population size, with some countries, such as Turkey and Mexico, growing appreciably faster than the UK. Since the 1990s, migration has become a major factor affecting the UK population size. There are limitations to using mortality statistics as a measure of the health of a population or the burden of a disease, particularly as life expectancy increases. Lifestyle choices are known to contribute significantly to the health of a nation. Factors such as alcohol and tobacco intake and diet have been shown to be related to health. England and Wales mid-year population estimates from 1992 to 2002 have been further revised in light of the local authority population studies.