Non-drug methods of pain control
This chapter provides an overview of some of the most commonly used non-drug methods available to aid the relief of pain in children. It describes many of the non-drug methods that can be used by health care professionals with very little training; others such as aromatherapy and hypnosis require a recognized qualification. Non-drug methods of pain control are probably most effective as coping strategies, not for actual reduction of the intensity of pain. Distraction appears best in helping the child to deal with relatively short duration pain such as procedural pain. The use of imagination to modify the response to pain. Provides relief through distraction, relaxation and producing an image of pain. Relaxation does not usually reduce the intensity of pain but it does reduce the distress associated with pain. The Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation device delivers controlled low voltage electricity to the body via electrodes.