In this chapter, we explore current and emerging trends in corrections. Similar to law enforcement, correctional facilities utilize technology for a variety of reasons. This includes the tracking of inmates on supervised release programs and within jail or prison settings. Correctional managers will understand the importance of technology when evaluating operational needs and preventing future litigation against a municipality, county or state government agency. We also examine the current state of affairs in the field of corrections, which includes prison realignment issues and prison overcrowding. A case study on prison realignment is discussed to illustrate the way the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation and local law enforcement agencies are coping with the mass transfer of inmates to the county jails and community supervision entities.