chapter
friend-will rejoice if he can
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COMPARATIVELY little attention is paid in England to the movement among the women in Holland, yet there seems no reason to fear that the sturdy spirit of liberty which once achieved the independence of that gallant nation is dead within its daughters at the present day, or that the claim for frPedom-political, social, and industrial-which is increasing in intensity in every other country of Europe, is unknown in the Netherlands. Legally, the . position of women in Holland is the same as that in France, that is to say, the Code Napoleon still prevails, and with it their complete civil subjection. The four Universities, however, are open to them; last year 36 women· were studying in them, 4 in Leyden, 7 at Utrecht, 7 at Groningen, and 18 at Amsterdam. There are many good girls' schools, though the Govel'nment has as yet shown itself backward in supporting them to the same degree as the boys' schools. In the demand for wider fields of employment the Dutch ladies have been more successful. They have for many years received good training as nurses: at least one lady is practising as a doctor, and othere are studying; they can be apothecaries (in 1_881, 216 passed the assistant apothecaries' examination); they are clerks in the post, railroad, and telegraph departments, reporters, watchmakera, &c.