This chapter corresponds to Session 2 of Emotion Regulation Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders. In order to enhance the client’s motivation, the therapist conducts a decisional balance exercise weighing the benefits and costs of drinking and abstinence with the client. Additional information about the rationale for the use of mindfulness in ERT is provided. The client also learns that mindfulness is a skill that involves directing attention to either one thing, like an object or their breath, or to a broader attentional field, which includes noticing whatever they are experiencing in the present moment. An in-session, object-centered mindfulness exercise is conducted and between-session skill practice is assigned.