Criminology in the wake of Sutherland and his enduring legacy
This chapter offers a sampling of the testimony of living criminologists of multiple generations, on how they first encountered Sutherland and what his legacy has meant to them as criminologists. It overviews the transformation of criminology in relation to the legacy of Sutherland: how it both reflects and departs from this legacy. The chapter shows some empirical evidence of Sutherland's influence, including the documentation of extensive, ongoing citation of his work. It outlines some core ways in which criminology reflected and amplified the approach promoted by Sutherland, as well as core ways in which it deviated from his orientation. The chapter examines selectively the role of exposure to Sutherland's work in the intellectual careers of some contemporary criminologists. It concludes what the legacy of Sutherland is likely to be, and should be, in criminology going forward in the twenty-first century. Sutherland's theory of differential association has clearly also been influential, along with Sutherland's broader engagement with criminological theory in general.