chapter  10
10 Pages

Chalcedon and orthodoxy

ByJeremiah W. Cataldo

After the death of Constantine, the Christian community continued to succumb to internal conflict and disagreement over fundamental doctrines. The Council of Chalcedon was one such council that sought to resolve internal disagreements over fundamental doctrines after Constantine and preserve many of his influences. It further distinguished the growing dominant tone of Christianity by asserting the orthodox doctrine of the person of Jesus Christ as one person and two natures over and against the "heresies" of Eutyches and the Monophysites. The nature of the body of Christ should be, theologically speaking, reflected in the identity and nature of the body of believers. Toward that end, this council also focused on ecclesiastical discipline and jurisdiction, which became increasingly more important especially after Christianity became more "mainstream" and its political influence increased. As David Gwynn noted, the authority of the Council of Nicaea was accepted by those in attendance at the Council of Chalcedon.