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A Second Journey to Pan-Africa

This article describes the meeting of the Second Pan-African Congress held in 1921 in London, Brussels, and Paris. What emerges from Du Bois’s description are the profound differences among the nations (England, Belgium, and France) regarding their internal racial policies and colonial possessions, as well as the extent to which Pan-Africanists have significantly different points of view in dealing with issues of race. While resolutions for action were passed in each of the meetings, the conference “was a meeting for conference and acquaintanceship, for organization and study; that it did not as yet represent any complete, and adopted policy, but that its members almost unanimously repudiated any policy of war, conquest, or race hatred. On the other hand, we did agree on an unalterable belief in racial equality and on the general proposition that the government and policy of Africa must be designed primarily for the good of the Africans themselves and not primarily for the profit of colonial powers.”