From Data to Knowledge: Creating and Managing Archaeological Data for the Future
Archaeological resources are usually defi ned as physical remains, for example, sites, structures, features, artefacts, samples, etc. However, the information recorded about these physical remains – such as textual, numeric, graphic, and locational data – during excavation, analysis, and preservation activities is also an archaeological resource. There is a high risk that this resource, increasingly existing only in digital form, will not be accessible for future research and interpretation. In order to avoid the loss of irreplaceable data that is essential to the management and preservation of the physical archaeological record, contemporary archaeologists, curators, and resource managers must also preserve and manage the digital information itself.