Collaboration to Promote Archaeological Conservation in Brazil: A Case Study of Campeche Island and Shell Midden Sites in Santa Catarina State
The social and economic value of archaeological resources is a concern for heritage management practices. Increasingly, archaeologists are working to use heritage as sources of social and economic capital. Yet this can have both positive and negative effects. This chapter describes the potential values associated with archaeological sites in Brazil and addresses the urgent need for management actions that promote site conservation. Tourism, contract archaeology, local and minority community participation, planning, rates of deterioration, and prevention are all issues that are increasingly being discussed. Hopefully, these discussions will lead to better approaches in the context of archaeological resource conservation. In Brazil the situation is illustrated clearly by sites, such as the Santa Catarina shell middens and Campeche Island, or in historic and urban archaeology. The Santa Catarina and Campeche Island sites will be discussed in more detail as examples of the challenges to archaeological resource management in Brazil (Figure 16.1).