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Bead Reproduction Process

Fortunately, these problems were infrequent during molding of the bead specimens for this project. In general, I have found that these treatments are usually unnecessary for shell bead artifacts, as many beads recovered from archaeological deposits have retained their hard callus finish, which makes them exceptionally durable and impervious to damage from the mold preparation process. Those which appear to be susceptible to damage are protected with a thin film of PVA or talc, or the combination of both, applied to the surface of the shells to ensure that they are not damaged in any way during the molding process.