This chapter discusses the sacred landscape and the methods archaeologists have used to recognize meaningful places. In recent years, topics investigating science and the mind have been explored in the anthropological and archaeological treatment of ancient religion. The chapter focuses on the spectacular stone monument at Gobekli Tepe in southeastern Turkey, a structure Colin Renfrew describes as "the world's first temple, or first built sanctuary. It provides complete survey of the many types of constructions that might be considered extensions of the sacred or ritualized house. Charnel houses today are usually found near churches, used for the storage of skeletal material that has been exposed either accidentally or through intentional removal from a cemetery. The chapter shows how non-architectural or seemingly non-domestic constructions may have contributed to cosmological and ritual representation and practice in the domestic realm.