Qualitative Research Guidelines: RAP, RRA, PRA, FES, and Others |
In recent decades, a large number of manuals presenting guidelines for conducting applied, relatively short-term ethnographic field research have appeared under interesting labels such as Rapid Appraisal Procedures (RAP), Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), Rapid Rural Assessment (RRA), Focused Ethnographic Studies (FES) and others. ese products generally provide useful inventories of the main data-gathering tools for ethnographic research on specific topical areas. Most of them have been written for use in applied social science research contexts, and they are often intended to be used in training non-academic field researchers. Labels such as RAP indicate that many of these manuals are intended for relatively short-term field research, thus fitting with the practical needs of intervention projects. Similarly, FES points to a major requirement of applied research-that the data gathering is sharply focused on a specific practical issue, such as a particular category of illness.