Bantu elements in Palenque (Colombia): Anthropological, archaeological, and linguistic evidence
This chapter examines Bantu remnants found in the maroon village of El Palenque de San Basilio (Colombia). More specifically it concentrates on the special impact that Bakongo slaves1-speakers of Kikongo (Figure 18.1)— must have had in the formation of Palenquero culture and language. In the examination, I will assemble evidence from a variety of disciplines, including linguistics, oral literature, archaeology, and anthropology. In an effort to make the article accessible to scholars in different fields, technical jargon will be kept to a minimum. Space limitations will allow only for the presentation of a small number of Palenque’s Kongo-derived traditions-many of which have never been investigated in detail or with sufficient scientific rigor.