chapter  4
6 Pages


Klejn’s account of his incarceration, The World Turned Upside Down (1993)— written under the name of Lev Samoylov-is not only a prison memoir but also a popular account of an anthropological investigation. As such its ultimate focus is no less than human nature. Klejn argues that human beings are psychophysiologically maladjusted to modern civilisation. Culture is the means by which we are adapted to civilisation, but culture does not overrule biology entirely-and this becomes clear when we look at certain prison societies.