Between the conceptual and the analytical
This chapter conceptualizes and assesses Global Political System with the traditional tools utilized when observing multipolar structures. With power diffusion among some 19 centers of power, a new conceptual model is necessary to account for such a system. It is suggested that polarization is one method of pole formulation within the system, while the positioning of the system-wide hegemon(s) is the other. The attributes of a nonpolar system may be best expressed by contrasting how it differs from a multipolar structure. Whereas unipolar, bipolar, and tripolar systems have system-wide hegemons in accordance to a numerically described structure. The concept of subsystem hegemon is utilized in the analysis to demonstrate two things: how powerful regional actors differ from the system-wide power actors, and to serve as a mechanism in accounting how a state becomes a system-wide hegemon. The overarching analysis assumes conflict behavior as concentrated between the poles and cooperative behavior as concentrated within the poles.