The Indic World Political System
Territorially, the Indic World Political System covers much of South Asia. The analysis and coding of polar periods within the Indic System will begin from 500 BC. Prior to this period, the Indic System is defined by the Verdic Age. The data allow for the rejection of any general hypotheses that contend multipolar or bipolar systems as the norm, suggesting the opposite: unipolarity is the most occurring polar structure in this given world political system. Around BC 30–40 AD, Indo-Parthian unipolarity was quickly challenged and counterbalanced by a set of four revisionist sub-system hegemons, transitioning the system into a multipolar constellation. Around 350 AD, the Guptas restructured the system into a unipolar configuration, conquering northern India, Malwa, Mathura, and reaching all the way to Kalinga. By the mid-5th century, Gupta's power declined, primarily due to internal revolts and the reassertion of Vakatakas as a challenger to Gupta at the system-wide level.