This chapter argues that the rights approach to law and public policy, including education, is of great importance, and has been influential on international work on education and development, including the Millennium Development Goals and sustainable development Goals. At the international level, major roles have been taken by UN specialised agencies, such as UNESCO, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and UNICEF in providing technical and financial assistance towards the realisation of the right to education. Minority and indigenous children are regularly deprived of access to quality education that is relevant and responsive to their specific context and needs. The right to education of migrants, refugees and internally displaced persons is protected by international law both through general provisions about non-discrimination and through key targeted conventions. The growing focus on educational quality has reinforced Katarina Tomasevski's concerns regarding minimum standards of health and safety, or professional requirements for teachers.