In this unit, you will have the chance to reflect on what summative assessment is, its uses and its potential impact on learners. You will also be able to consider some aspects of current policy on assessment. We start by considering some basic questions about summative assessment and by linking it with formative assessment. We will go on to identify purposes of summative assessment, as well as sources of assessment evidence and we will explain what counts as good evidence of learning. We also describe current policy on assessment and reporting. We highlight some difficulties with ‘high-stakes’ assessment and we finish by inviting your views on current assessment policy and practice.