chapter  5
27 Pages


BySarah Deardorff Miller

In comparison to Kenya and Tanzania, Uganda provides a case where UNHCR had taken on surrogacy in the past but has since moved away from surrogacy, instead favoring a form of partnership with the government. This chapter provides a brief background to Uganda's refugee history and policy in order to contextualize the discussion about UNHCR in Uganda. It considers how UNHCR domesticated, originally taking on surrogacy with Sudanese refugees but more recently moving away from surrogacy with Congolese refugees. The chapter focuses on what its surrogacy (or lack thereof) has meant for UNHCR's ability to influence state behavior toward refugees. In line with the framework, it ultimately argues that UNHCR in Uganda has been better positioned to affect decisions about refugees when it does not domesticate as a surrogate state but rather works in partnership with the Ugandan government.