chapter  1
52 Pages

On Complementizers

A)TheTransformationalHypothesisofComplementizer Insertion

Invirtuallyallanalysesofcomplementationwithinthe

frameworkofgenerativegrammarthefollowingsentences

woulddifferonlybyoptionaltransformationsinderiva-

"complementizers"-- havebeenviewedasmarkersofsyn-

tacticsubordinationhavingneithersemanticcontentnor

significantsyntacticfunction.Accordingly,examples

(1)- (3)haveusuallybeenassignedacommonunderlying structureroughlysimilartothatrepresentedin(4):1

Given the transformational hypothesis, one possible assumption is that a "rule feature" (Lakoff 1970) is associated with verbs and predicates; thus if the transformation introducing for-to is called ~, then [judging from (2) and (5)] the verbs distress, imply, manage would be marked in the lexicon (either directly or by a redundancy rule) as [+R], [-R], respectively.