For many years, the study of Shakespeare in schools placed more emphasis on the play as a literary rather than a dramatic text. The meaning of a Shakespeare play resides not simply in the static words of the text or within the mind and intention of the author but is brought to life in the process of imaginative and exploratory activity. Getting a group to stage a Shakespeare play is an excellent way of teaching it as long as it involves the participants in active decision-making and does not rely on teacher as authoritarian director. The current National Curriculum in England and Wales now requires the study of two Shakespeare plays at key stage 3 and at least one at key stage 4. More recently, work of Royal Shakespeare Company has continued to develop Shakespeare pedagogy. In 1970s, some of voice and rehearsal techniques used by Royal Shakespeare Company found their way into school classroom through workshops and demonstrations.