Wilhelm Fliess was Sigmund Freud’s confidante in the process of creation of the most crucial parts of the theory of psychoanalysis. Throughout 1896 and 1897, Freud came to believe Fliess’s ideas on the inherent bisexuality of all forms of life. Psychoanalysis, for Freud’s supporters, was not merely a medical therapy but a philosophy and worldview. Psychoanalysis becomes more a search for meaning rather than a search for causes, more of an aid to philosophical self-enlightenment than an attempt to heal an injury. If therapists insist on believing that abuse memories recovered in therapy, with no corroborating evidence, are nearly always true, then it really does matter if psychoanalysis is or is not a science, because the therapists’ claims have enormous consequences in the real world—parents who did not abuse their children could be and have been convicted at trial only to have verdicts overturned.