chapter  IV
FRIENDSHIP
Pages 23

FRIENDSHIPISANelementinallsociety,andthesubjectofaphorismsfromanearlydate.TheactualGreekwordphilos appearstobeinoriginpossessive;hencephraseslikeq>iA.ov

fjTop,q>{A.cxs&vO:xeipcxs,q>iA.cx~A.Eq>cxpcx,andevenq>iA.cxeiJ,.lCXTcx aswellasncxiocxq>iA.flv,&Mxovsq>iA.cxs,andthelike,where itisappliedtopartsofthebodyandclothingaswellaswife andchild.2InthesocietyoftheHomericpoems'friends'meansa groupofpeoplewhocanrelyononeanother.Itdenotesapractical,notanemotional,relationship,andrepresentsthestageof establishingsocialtiessimilartothoseexistingwithinthefamily, butextendingmorewidely.AchillesandPatroclusstandtothe worldofHomersomewhatasDavidandJonathantotheOld Testament,buttheintensityoftheiremotions,thoughitplayed somepartininfluencingthepictureoffriendshipwhichlater emerged,maygiveamisleadingimpressionofitsscopeatthis time.Weshallobtainamoreobjectivepictureifwelookat theothergreatmodelfriendship,thatbetweenTheseusand Pirithous:

'Theseushasnotthepowertobreakthechainsofhellforhis belovedPirithous.'