chapter  V
EROS
Pages 26

EROSISPASSION.Ithasnoneofthecoolnessofphilia.Whenamanisgrippedbypassionheseemstolosecontrol ofhimself.Theveryword'passion'suggeststhatheisan

object,notasubject,asufferer,notanagent.Plato,intheCratylus,suggeststhaterasisderivedfromeisrhein('toflowin'), becausepassionentersamanfromwithout.2So,justasHomer saysthatsleep'loosensthelimbs',3Sappho,thepeerlesshymnodistoflove,followsHesiodandArchilochusinusingthesameword ofEros.4ThefamousdescriptionoftheemotionsofBrocheo's lover,whichfiredtheimaginationofCatullus,5showswellthe overmasteringpowerofEros.Hisspeechdriesup,hisbodyison fire,hiseyesgrowdim,hisearssing,sweatpoursfromhim,his wholepersonisaquiverandheisneartofainting.Thepower thatcandothistoamanmustbeamightydivinityindeed,andit isnotsurprisingthatsuchapowerwasexternalized,personified, andsunginhisownright.