chapter  6
The Globalization Debates: After the Short Twentieth Century and into the Twenty-First
Pages 20

One of the reasons the understanding of globalization is so tenuous is that, since early in the 1990s it has provoked so many competing theories. Still, it would be a mistake to conclude from this that globalization is mostly an idea or a theory. It is an idea, of course-or, better, a number of ideas all at once. Yet underlying the many theories is the empirical reality that, whatever else it is, globalization is also a very material structure and, thus, part and parcel of the shifting sands of a world-system.