Fables play on symbolism. Here, Ralph is the representation of civil order. Jack is the symbol of disorder, even evil, in human nature. e “lord of the flies” is of ancient, probably Greek, origin. e flies are the infestation of human society arising from human nature. e general idea is that human society is always under siege by forces within its own nature that threaten social order. In Golding’s story, Ralph gradually loses control of the group as Jack becomes the dominant force of aggression. e story turns on a terrifying scene in which Jack leads his hunters to kill a female pig, representing mother nature herself: “Struck down by the heat, the sow fell and the hunters hurled themselves at her. is dreadful eruption from an unknown world made her frantic; she squealed and bucked and the air was full of sweat and noise and blood and terror. Roger ran round the heap, prodding with his spear whenever pigflesh appeared. Jack was on top of
the sow, stabbing downward with his knife. Roger found the lodgment for his point and began to push till he was leaning with his whole weight. e spear moved forward inch by inch and the terrified squealing became a high-pitched scream. en Jack found the throat and the hot blood spouted over his hands.” ereafter, all is violence. e symbolic death of mother nature unleashes human rage among the boys. e hunters attack Ralph and his few remaining companions. Piggy, his friend, is murdered. e conch shatters into pieces. e primitive society is destroyed. In the end, Ralph is rescued. He has no idea what happened or why. He sobs uncontrollably.