chapter
22 Pages

From Participation to Equality

American educator and author Henry Van Dyke once said, "Democracy declares that men unequal in their endowmenrs shall be equal in their right to develop these endowments." Equality demands opportunity and the right to participate

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in all aspects of education, work, and society-equality flows from participation. When one is denied participation in education, in the marketplace, in free travel, and most importantly in jobs and economic opportunity, through explicit or implicit discrimination on the basis of a fact of one's birth, whether it be race, ethnicity, gender, religion, sexual preference, or alienage, there can be no equality. There is no discrimination more vile than that which denies a man or woman the opportunity to participate in the most basic institutions and pursuits of life.