12 Pages

Grampa's Indian Blood

Joseph Bruchac's grandfather Jesse Bowman "passed" for French Canadian as a way of surviving. Native Americans, in what was to become Vermont, dispossessed of land and life, needed to become "invisible." Jesse Bowman, an Abenaki Indian, taught Joseph Bruchac about social consciousness, especially as it applied to those who had little power over their lives: children and the poor. The influence of his grandfather led Bruchac "to seek equality in my words and in my life."