Reasons and Actions
After Europe emerged from the dark valley of the Middle Ages, it retrieved the Greek and Roman heritage and, prompted by the developing markets, proceeded, by fits and starts, to reconstitute itself in the image of civil society, albeit nationally differentiated. The result-let us call it modernity, for shortl-may be characterized as follows: 2
1. Morality is, for the most part, de institutionalized. It has become a private matter. The norms belonging to this sphere are effective to the extent that they have been internalized.