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1IntroductionAnalyzingParliamentaryDevelopmentinRussia
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WhenBorisYeltsinabolishedRussia'sparliamentarysysteminSeptember1993,henotonlychangedthe"rules"ofthegameofdemocraticconsolidationasithadbeenplayeduptothattime,heputanend tothegamealtogether.Withtheadoptionofanewconstitutionon December12,1993,newruleswereestablishedandthefirstRussian republicgavewaytothesecondone.Notsurprisingly,thenewrules stronglyfavorPresidentYeltsin,themanresponsiblefordraftingthem. Whetherthesenewrulescanaccommodateatransitiontodemocracy inRussiaisanopenquestion.However,analysisofthereasonswhy thepreviousrulescouldnotdosomayhelpusassessthechancesfor successinthesecondRussianrepublic.Inmanyways,thisbookattemptstoconductapoliticalautopsyofthefirstRussianrepublic, focusingmainlyonitslegislativeorgans.Whydidtheperiodoftransitionfrom1990to1993endthewayitdid?Whatcanwelearnfroman autopsyabouttheprospectsfordemocratizationinRussia?Morecomparatively,whatcanwelearnabouttheconditionsthatcontributeto theemergenceandmaintenanceofdemocraticpoliticalinstitutions?