chapter  10
Ethnic Demography and Interstate Relations in Central Asia
Pages 36

Changes in the relative demographic "strength" of ethnonational communities in their ancestral homelands have had a profound effect on interethnic and interstate relations, not only in the former USSR but throughout the world political system. Changing rates of population growth and decline due to natural increase, migration patterns, and ethnic reidentification have all served as catalysts for rising nationalism during the post-World War II period, and have been interpreted as critical processes with respect to the future viability of the nation by nationalists and outside observers alike. This chapter examines the recent etbnodemographic trends in Central Asia, 1 and assesses how these trends have influenced interethnic and interstate relations in the region. The impact of interethnic relations on demographic processes, especially migration patterns, is also analyzed. After a general discussion of ethnodemographic trends in Central Asia during the postwar period (1959-89), the chapter examines the most recent demographic developments (1989-92), and discusses them in the context of the emerging interethnic and interstate relations in the region.2