AU.S. Comment on the Essay by Vladimir Kartashkin
As for his historical overview, many points are accurate despite the brevity imposed by space limitations. The United States does give priority to national laws when they clash with international standards, and the United States has indeed been reluctant to undertake numerous and specific legal obligations in the international human rights area-especially when they are supervised by international agencies. In this regard the United States lags behind most of its allies among the industrialized democracies. Especially are those in western Europe much more sympathetic both to international human rights standards and to their supranational interpretation. While the United States is more progressive in this regard than Japan, it remains far from emulating its western European colleagues.