The Emergence of the Environmental Movement in Eastern Europe and Its Role in the Revolutions of 1989
Very little analysis exists on independent enviromnental organizations in Eastern Europe. Considerable work was undertaken on the Soviet Union in the 1970s, but as this predates the emergence of independent enviromnental organizations, the conclusion is invariably that such organizations play no role.1 The aim of this analysis is to go beyond the notion that the emergence of the enviromnental movement can be explained by a series of isolated events converging at a particular moment in time, for example, enviromnental pollution, Gorbachev, and Chernobyl. These factors have shaped the growth of the enviromnental movement; they do not explain it. An attempt is made to place the emergence of enviromnental politics within the political context of Eastern Europe from the 1950s onward.