Technology is a Pandora's box and therein lies its paradox. It is responsible for dirtying our environment but also responsible for cleaning it up. When we look at the environmental crisis in Eastern Europe, we are inclined to lay the blame rather too easily on the political system. Over the past year, the mass media as well as the scholarly press have been actively publicizing the extent of the crisis, as rapidly as the data come in. The East European countries have also published official studies of the state of their environment. Given the availability of information, no purpose will be served by reviewing the figures; the reader is referred to the government documents listed in the bibliography at the end of the paper for the most recent government statistics from Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Croatia, and Slovenia (see also Matas, Simoncic, and Sobot 1989).