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The Fits and Starts of Russian and Soviet Technology
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ManycontemporaryWesternobserversoftheSovietUnionknowthat technologicalbackwardnesshasbeenamajorproblemforthatnation. Thesesameobserversoftenassumethatthehistoryofthedevelopment oftechnologyinthatcountryisafairlyrecentone,atleastcomparedto theleadingWesternnations.Someevenbelievethatinthenineteenth centuryRussiawasbasicallyundevelopedandthatonlyinthetwentiethcenturydidthetechnologicalgapbetweentheSovietUnionandthe Westernnationsbegintoclose.