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Science and Technology as Panacea in Gorbachev's Russia
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Whatistheroleofmoderntechnologyinasocietyundergoingrapid social,economic,andpoliticalchange?Manysocialcommentators haveembracedmodernscienceandtechnologyasapanaceaforsocioeconomicproblems.TheTayloristsandtheirSovietcounterpartsbelievedinthepoweroftime-motionstudiestomediatealldisputes betweenworkersandmanagers.Representativesofvarioustechnocraticmovementsinsistedthatscientistsandengineersarmedwith allofthe"facts"couldprovidepolicymakersvalue-freeanswerstouse inchoosingthe"onebestway"tomovesocietyalong.TheStalinist ideologueclaimedthat"Technologywilldecideeverything!"whilehis Brezhnevitecounterparthadunendingfaithintheinfallibilityofscientistsandthefruitsoftheirlabortoharnesstheadvantagesofthe developedsocialistsystemtothescientific-technologicalrevolution.