Land reform in Japan was carried out from 1947 to 1950, under the terms of a law enacted in October 1946. The land reform policy was imposed by the Allied occupation forces after the defeat of Japan in the Second World War. It was planned under the direction of the U.S. Occupation Administration and was part of a series of reforms that included zaibatsu dissolution, antimonopoly policy, encouragement of the formation of trade unions, labor legislation, and so on. The purpose of these measures was the "demilitarization and democratization" of Japan.