Joint Enterprises on the Territory of the USSR
Joint enterprises (JEs) represent a form of economic, industrial, and scientific-technological relations between organizations and firms of different countries, and the USSR, too, employs this form in its foreign economic operations. The norms covering JEs are contained in the Edict of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet of 13 January 1987, “On Questions Relating to the Creation and Activity on USSR Territory of Joint Enterprises, International Associations and Organizations Involving Soviet and Foreign Organizations, Firms, and Administrative Agencies” (the Edict of 1987). This Edict is a relatively short document, consisting only of five items. Consonant with the preamble to Decree No. 49, the general goals leading to the creation of JEs should be considered the progressive development of trade, economic, and scientific-technological cooperation between the USSR and capitalist and developing states on a stable and mutually advantageous foundation. Decree No. 49 spells out the goals of Soviet ministries, departments, and state committees.