chapter  8
46 Pages

Labor under the New Deal

The International Labor Organization was the contribution of Gompers and his members to the workers of the world, but this most enduring part of the League of Nations was in contrast to baffled struggles at home. The National Labor Board was set up by the President, at the request of the Industry and Labor Advisory Boards of National Recovery Administration (NRA), to supervise labor relations. The National Labor Board had just been abolished, and the new National Labor Relations Board made offers of mediation which the employers refused. A chief by-product of the New Deal, particularly of NRA, was a split in the expanding ranks of organized labor. The American Federation of Labor had grown stale and was overdue for renovation. The official labor movement, therefore, entered the depression in more than ordinarily vulnerable state. Flushed with victory in the recent invalidation of NRA and other New Deal measures, opponents of the administration were primed to discredit the Wagner Act.