A Little Goes a Long Way: Statistical Evidence of Small Program Effectiveness
The previous chapter established that employment and training initiatives targeting nontraditional employment are appropriate and relevant foci of analysis, insofar as they train women for high-skilled, high-wage occupa tions that provide opportunities for advancement. Women in Apprenticeships and Nontraditional Occupations (WANTO) and Nontraditional Employment for Women (NEW), represent the most enduring programs targeting women in nontraditional occupations (NTOs) to date, and they provide the greatest promise for actually altering patterns of occupational segregation by gender. Do they work? This chapter features an innovative statistical technique to gauge the effects of these modest programs, and reveals that, indeed, they have had a positive and significant impact on women’s participation in NTOs.