At the household level income is a significant constraint to accessibility of food. In low-income countries, inequality of nutrition among different population groups usually reflects inequality of income: food consumption of the rich is in excess or even wasteful, while the poor often lack adequate food and suffer from malnutri tion (Habicht 1994). This phenomenon more or less still exists in present-day China. Apparently the logical solution is income intervention and food intervention to enable the poor to have access to adequate food. During the period of transition from the planned to the market economy, the instruments of income intervention have not yet been effectively put in practice, while those of food intervention are mainly adapted to disaster prevention and relief. Moreover, the two have not yet been well coordinated with each other in all sectors of socioeconomic develop ment. Only the rural poverty alleviation program includes, at the same time, the two functions of income intervention and food intervention.