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19 Pages

Introduction

Jonathan Swift is famous today both as a writer of prose satire, in particular A Tale of a Tub (1704) and Gulliver's Travels (1726), and as a former 'Irish Patriot' Dean of St Patrick's in Dublin. As far as the latter is concerned, the decisive event was the death of Queen Anne in 1714. This led to the collapse of the Tory ministry with which Swift had been associated for four years, and to his return to Ireland, a return he regarded as a virtual exile. In Ireland he agitated against English oppression, and wrote Gulliver's Travels. A Description of the Morning was published in The Tatler on 30 April 1709, during Swift's residence in London as the emissary of the Church of Ireland. The poem refers to and rejects conventional, idealised descriptions of morning, offering instead a series of gritty, unromantic details.