chapter  16
24 Pages

Renaissance in India

In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries the Indian way faced new challenges.The establishment of British rule brought Western ideas of rationality, liberty, progress, individualism, nationalism, humanitarian ethics, and social reform. Would these ideas and values become the basis for a new Westernized India? Or would they be rejected by a majority of Indians, resulting in still another civilization on the subcontinent, alongside the Islamic and Hindu in a curious three-way cultural apartheid? A third possibility was a creative synthesis, incorporating both traditional and Western ideas and values. The issue would be decided by the Indian responses to Western presence and influence.